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Five Common Sports Injuries and How to Avoid Them

Many people in Singapore love to take part in different sports and physical activities during weekends, such as running and cycling, as well as sports like basketball and tennis. However, not many people keep in mind that it’s just as important to stretch and prepare their bodies before any intense physical activity. Because of this, injuries are more likely to happen, even among experienced athletes and physically fit people.

Here are five of the most common sports injuries and how you can prevent them when you’re outdoors:

Pulled muscles

A muscle is considered pulled when a large amount of force is applied to it in an instant, which causes the fibers to stretch beyond their normal capacity. This often happens to hamstrings and calf muscle areas. The best way to prevent a pulled muscle before or during physical activity is to make sure to stretch during warm-up and cooldown, and resting if you feel exhausted.

Sprained ankle

Most physically active people have had their share of the sprained ankle, where the ligaments on the outside of the ankle are stretched and torn when the foot is turned inward. Sprained ankles often happens to people who are not used to extensive physical activity, so maintaining a regular active lifestyle along with a doctor or physical therapist can help you prevent any loss of flexibility or strength.

Groin and pelvic injuries

Too much force placed on your groin or thigh can result in injuries in these particular areas, and this is common for frequent runners or for players in sports that have a lot of jumping, such as soccer or basketball. Proper warm-up exercises and stretching can help prevent these types of unwanted injuries, and while adding ice and rest is often enough to alleviate the pain, some instances may require surgery if the damage is severe enough.

Runner’s knee

Various injuries and knee pain after intense physical activity usually fall under the blanket term “runner’s knee”, but this condition is not unique to runners. Aside from warming up properly and giving your knees enough rest after intense physical activity, it’s also important to build up your knee strength to avoid overstraining and tendinitis.

Tennis elbow

Overuse of the arm and forearm can lead to wear and tear of the tendons in the elbow, as well as tenderness in the said area, and this is common for many tennis players that use the backhand swing. Preventing this condition, which is especially important for tennis players, involves a proper warm-up with wrist exercises to help strengthen the muscles around the elbow. You can also achieve the same effect by squeezing a stress ball before practice.

Migraine-Proof Your Home with These Tips

What makes migraine so difficult to treat is that each episode has a different set of triggers and symptoms, so the treatment has to be tailored to their specific needs. Along with medication and lifestyle changes, you can avoid triggers at home by making it migraine-proof with the following simple steps.

Make your bedroom safer. If you are not getting enough sleep you are more likely to have attacks. There might be some distractions in your bedroom that keep you from sleeping peacefully. These could be your computer, gadgets, a partner who snores, clutter, etc. Check your beddings, too. Use a quality mattress with the most comfortable pillows you can find.

Remove gadgets that produce blue light. Do not place your computer or television in your bedroom because these produce blue light and flickering lights that can trigger an attack.

Change your lighting. Switch to green lighting, dim incandescent bulbs or install dimmers for the lights if light is a trigger for your migraine. Just turning them off will not change anything and will only make it more difficult for your eyes to adjust to the brightness once you go out of your house.

Soundproof your home. It is easy to hear neighbors making a lot of noise if you live in an apartment in Singapore. You can eliminate noise outside by soundproofing your home. You should also place rugs on the floor and drape your windows to reduce noise from downstairs or from the traffic outside.

Follow a regular cleaning schedule. Even allergens can be triggers for migraines for some migraineurs, so make it a point to clean your home weekly by washing the windows, changing the beddings, and vacuuming the floor. Get your air conditioner serviced regularly, too. Installing an air cleaner and a dehumidifier might also help. You can also place microfiber encasements on your mattress and pillows.

Use fragrance-free products. They might be more difficult to find that popular brands, but they do exist. There are laundry detergents, cleaners, sprays and other home chemicals that are odor-free.

Remove items that cause stress. If you do not need it, then there is no reason to keep it. Your home should be a place where you can relax, not add more stress. These can be anything that might trigger migraines such as items with allergens and anything that eliminate strong smells.

Place plants in your home to improve air quality. Humidity and ventilation play a significant factor not just in preventing migraines but in your overall health and peace of mind. Along with a humidifier and air cleaner, you can place indoor plants to improve the air quality. However, you should pick plants that do not produce flowers or emit any strong odors.

What Causes Pain in the Back of the Knee?

The most common joint problems among the elderly in Singapore are in the knee and hip joints, but there are also those who suffer pain at the back of the knee. Are the causes for the pain and discomfort different from the factors that contribute to other types of joint pain?

Fatigue

Maybe you have been standing or sitting for hours, unable to stretch or move your legs properly. Sometimes forgetting to stretch before an exercise can also cause fatigue on the muscles and joints.

Hamstring Injury

This is common in people who do strenuous physical activities. The injury is usually found on the muscles in the back of the thigh but the pain can be felt almost throughout the leg.

ACL and PCL Injury

Another common injury among active people is the injury to the anterior cruciate ligament, a tissue that connects the bones in the knee joint. The first sign is a popping sound. It is considered a serious injury that can take months to fully heal. The posterior cruciate ligament has the same function as the ACL and injuries to this is usually the result of accidents.

Runner’s Knee

This is a term for the worn down cartilage in the knee joint. Without the protection, the bones can rub together and cause pain and swelling. This is usually felt as a dull pain in the back of the knee, limited movement, crackling, weakness, and even the giving out of the knee.

Leg Cramps

Even doing too much can cause pain in the back of the knee, too. Cramps are characterized by the tightness of the muscles or the sudden and painful spasms that can also be felt on the calves and knees. You can sometimes see this happen to athletes who need to be taken out of the game to recover. But cramps can also be caused by other conditions, so if this happens frequently, you should have it checked.

Osteoarthritis

Over time, the cartilage wears out because of use, but this process is faster in some people. the result is pain and inflammation in the joints, most commonly in the knees. There are many types of arthritis that can cause pain in the knees including autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

Meniscus Tears

If you hear a loud popping sound when you bent or moved, that could be a sign you have meniscus tears. It is also accompanied by loss od motion, weakness, swelling, or the locking up or giving out of the knee.

Baker’s Cyst

The cyst is the result of the buildup of fluid at the back of the knee. The cyst can be tiny and invisible, but sometimes they grow to small lumps that are visible. Small cysts do not cause pain and will usually go away even without treatment, but they are typically a symptom of a joint disease that causes inflammation. The larger cysts can also cause pain and a tingling sensation especially if it affects a nerve.

Let’s Talk About Farts

Everyone farts, even the rich and famous, so there’s no reason why we shouldn’t discuss it in terms of its significance in showing—err, making noises—about our health.

The Role of Gut Microbes

While farting in public seems more horrifying to you than, say, sneezing, it’s just one of the ways your body tells you that the good microbes in your gut are happy. According to research, these microbes that produce gas also have a role in boosting the immune system by protecting the lining in your intestine and your body from infections.

18 Farts a Day

Most doctors agree that a healthy person should have at least eighteen flatulence daily, but an average of fourteen is okay, too. The human body cannot naturally digest fiber, that is why the microbes are responsible in breaking them down, but the process produces gas as a result. Keeping the good bacteria healthy means that your gut is an ideal habitat for diverse microbes with several different health benefits.

What Makes Up a Fart

The gas that gets trapped in your body is mostly nitrogen, while your fart is made up mostly of carbon dioxide, methane, oxygen or hydrogen, but these are odorless gases. So, where does the smell come from? Occasionally, your fart includes some traces of sulfur from some of the vegetables you eat. Fear not, because sulfur compounds (such as, methanethiol, hydrogen sulphide, and dimethyl sulfide) are harmless.

Too Much Fart

However, there are days when you seem to pass wind more than usual. Is that normal, too? According to doctors, there are several causes of gassiness, such as; high-altitude locations and flights; eating vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole grains; swallowing too much air; food sensitivity; nutrient absorption problems; and celiac diseases and irritable bowel syndrome. The first three items should not cause any alarm, but the last three will need immediate medical attention and diet changes.

Good and Bad Smell

Majority of the farts we produce are odorless, but some are slightly embarrassing, although not a cause for alarm. If it smells like rotten eggs, then it’s okay. However, if your fart smells unusually stinky, it could be a sign that your gut cannot break down some of your food or you have an intolerance. This is also usually accompanied by other symptoms such as constipation or diarrhea, bloating, and stomach pains. Visit your doctor in Singapore to determine the cause.

Silent and Loud Farts

Is a silent fart healthier than loud, trumpet-like sounding farts? There really is no difference in the content of both, but the sound that it makes has something to do with the position of your sphincter. Both are harmless, but the latter could cause embarrassment. Holding it in will also not cause any health problem, but you could experience bloating and slight pain if you try to keep it in.

Dangers of Being Overweight

The difference between overweight and obese is the range of the body weight to height ratio or body mass index (BMI). Both categories are considered above the recommended healthy average weight of a person and are at risk of various diseases. However, an overweight individual weighs less than an obese; a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is overweight, while a BMI of 30 and above is obese.

You’re at Risk of Several Health Problems

An overweight is at risk of contracting different diseases, because your body is working harder than usual to keep all your organs functioning properly. While the impact isn’t felt immediately, you will notice some changes in your appearance (waist size) and physical capabilities (fatigue and mood changes). When you are overweight you are at risk of the following health problems: type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases, sleep problems, osteoarthritis, kidney and fatty liver disease, cancer, and fertility and pregnancy problems. However, this is only a list of the most common diseases, but you’re also going to be exposed to a host of other health problems.

How You Gained Excess Weight

Some doctors agree that genetic factors play a role in an individual’s fitness level, but most cases of excessive weight are caused by unhealthy lifestyle. Specifically, you can become overweight through eating larger servings of meals, excess consumption of food that are high in energy, and not being able to burn off that excess energy from food because of a sedentary lifestyle. Unfortunately, the number of individuals who are either overweight or obese are increasing even in Singapore.

How Obesity is Measured

There are some tests that can be performed besides measuring your BMI to get a good idea of how much weight you need to lose. Among these are hydrostatic body fat test, bioelectrical impedance, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, height and weight charts, and the use of calipers to measure body fat.

What Metabolic Syndrome Means

Some individuals also have a condition called metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of different issues that are the result of abdominal obesity. To diagnose an individual, he/she must have at least three of the following symptoms: high triglycerides (150 mg/dL and higher); big waist (more than 40 in men and more than 35 inches in women); high blood pressure (130/85 mm Hg and higher); low HDL level (less than 50 mg/dL in women and 40 mg/dL in men); and high blood glucose levels (100 mg/dL and higher).

More Weight Equals Shorter Lifespan

According to research, more people are now prone to having excess weight because it’s easier to perform different tasks nowadays, therefore, fewer choices in the activities that will burn excess energy stored in the body. Because of this, an overweight individual becomes more susceptible to a host of diseases that can be fatal especially at ages between 50 to 71. The only way to address these problems is to formulate a weight loss program that is appropriate for your condition and age.

5 simple oral hygiene tips

People want whiter teeth but it isn’t always a good indication of oral health. Your mouth isn’t just composed of teeth, so there’s a lot more to consider to keep it healthy. Besides, healthy teeth has nothing to do with color. A sentiment experts don’t tire to emphasize.

So here’s a few tips to keep your oral hygiene in check:

1. Clean your mouth properly
Toothbrushes are our oral health’s bestfriends. They are the go-to cleaning tool and is a basic for anyone regardless of culture. But the catch is, your teeth aren’t the only ones needing good brushing. Along with your teeth, your gums, tongue and roof of the mouth need a good brushing from all the food particles lodging on them. Brush along these surfaces in a 45-degree angle to ensure good cleaning. Don’t attack your mouth with your toothbrush either; good brushing has nothing to do with force. Don’t try to bleed your mouth clean, as this only damages it. Twice a day brushing is good for your oral health.

2. Floss regularly
As regular and proper brushing keeps surfaces of your teeth clean, the spaces in between them sometimes get neglected. This is where floss conveniently comes in. They target those areas brushes can’t reach. Once a day flossing could do wonders to prevent cavity build up.

3. Refrain from sodas, alcohol and tobacco
Tobacco makes your gums unhealthy and it shows with its darker tinge. So stay well away from those and not only is your mouth happy, but your lungs as well. Sodas and alcohol don’t sit well with your oral health either. Even though phosphorous is somehow beneficial for your teeth, too much of anything is bad. Both sodas and alcohol contain too high levels of this substance, and may cause tooth decay and gum disease. If you must drink them, do it with a straw to lessen its contact with your teeth.

4. Stick to the good-for-the-teeth diet
If you aren’t aware yet, nuts, cheese, vegetables, fruits (such as apples) and chicken are good for the teeth. If you don’t have allergies for either of those, taking in a generous amount in your diet might do good for your teeth.

5. Regular check up
Even if you follow all the preceding tips religiously to the dot, nothing beats a regular check up with your dentist. Experts know what to look out for depending on your condition so keeping a regular check up with them could do you loads of good and will save you from a lot of pain in the future. They can detect problems way before you even feel them so make sure you have a trusted dentist to do the monitoring for you.

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